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Managing Type 2 Diabetes | You Can Do It -
Published: 2 years ago By: Diabetes Loophole

By: Diabetes LoopholePublished: 2 years ago


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Managing Type 2 Diabetes
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Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Treatment for diabetes aims to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible and control your symptoms to prevent health problems developing later in life.
If you've been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your GP will be able to explain your condition in detail and help you understand your treatment.
They'll also closely monitor your condition to identify any health problems that may occur. If there are any problems, you may be referred to a hospital-based diabetes care team.
Making lifestyle changes
If you're diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you'll need to look after your health very carefully for the rest of your life.
This may seem daunting, but your diabetes care team will be able to give you support and advice about all aspects of your treatment.
After being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, or if you're at risk of developing the condition, the first step is to look at your diet and lifestyle and make any necessary changes.
Three major areas that you'll need to look closely at are:
• eating healthily
• losing weight if you're overweight
• exercising regularly
You may be able to keep your blood glucose at a safe and healthy level without the need for other types of treatment.
Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Increasing the amount of fibre in your diet and reducing your sugar and fat intake, particularly saturated fat, can help prevent type 2 diabetes, as well as manage the condition if you already have it.
You should:
• increase your consumption of high-fibre foods, such as wholegrain bread and cereals, beans and lentils, and fruit and vegetables
• choose foods that are low in fat – replace butter, ghee and coconut oil with low-fat spreads and vegetable oil
• choose skimmed and semi-skimmed milk, and low-fat yoghurts
• eat fish and lean meat rather than fatty or processed meat, such as sausages and burgers
• grill, bake, poach or steam food instead of frying or roasting it
• avoid high-fat foods, such as mayonnaise, chips, crisps, pasties, poppadoms and samosas
• eat fruit, unsalted nuts and low-fat yoghurts as snacks instead of cakes, biscuits, bombay mix or crisps
The Diabetes UK website has more information and advice about healthy eating.
If you're overweight or obese – you have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over – you should lose weight by gradually reducing your calorie intake and becoming more physically active.
Losing 5-10% of your overall body weight over the course of a year is a realistic initial target.
You should aim to continue to lose weight until you've achieved and maintained a BMI within the healthy range, which is:
• 18.5-24.9kg/m² for the general population
• 18.5-22.9kg/m² for people of south Asian or Chinese origin – south Asian includes people from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indian-Caribbean, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
If you have a BMI of 30kg/m² or more (27.5kg/m² or more for people of south Asian or Chinese origin), you need a structured weight loss programme, which should form part of an intensive lifestyle change programme.
To help you achieve changes in your behaviour, you may be referred to a dietititian or a similar healthcare professional for a personal assessment and tailored advice about diet and physical activity.
Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Physical activity
Being physically active is very important in preventing or managing type 2 diabetes.
For adults who are 19-64 years of age, the government recommends a minimum of:
• 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity – such as cycling or fast walking – a week, which can be taken in sessions of 10 minutes or more, and
• muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days a week that work all major muscle groups – the legs, hips, back, tummy (abdomen), chest, shoulders and arms
An alternative recommendation is to do a minimum of:
Managing Type 2 Diabetes

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